The Flora :
BTR has a wide range of flora owing to a range of natural parameters like topography, climate, temperature and rainfall. It represents several elements of biodiversity of North-East India and Indo Malayan region, one of the most bio-diverse Indian regions. Around 60% of floral endemic species of NE India are encountered in BTR. It possesses around 1,000 floral species including over 100 species of medicinal plants.
Forest Type :
|3||:||Dry Mixed Forests|
|4||:||Wet Mixed Forests|
|5||:||Semi Evergreen Forests|
The Fauna :
The Tiger Reserve has a spectacular range of faunal variety. It harbour over 1,000 faunal species including endemic Indo-Malayan species like Chinese Pangolin, Reticulated Python and some endemic species of North-East Indian zone like clouded leopard, Marble cat, Black Necked Crane.
1) Mammals :
68 species of mammals are reported in BTR.
|Felines||:||Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Marble Cat, Leopard Cat, Fishing cat|
|Canines||:||Wild Dog, Jackal, hyena|
|Rodents||:||Indian Giant Squirrel, common Hare, Porcupine|
|Hoofed animals||:||Bison, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Hog deer|
2) Reptiles, Amphibians & Fishes :
|Snakes||:||King Cobra, Cobra, Reticulated Python, Krait, Vipers etc|
|Lizards||:||Common Monitor Lizard, Garden Lizard, Gecko, Skink etc|
|Amphibians||:||Common Indian Toad, Indian Bull Frog, Indian Skipper, Rice Field Frog|
|Fishes||:||Boal, Kalbus, Mrigel, Chital, Sole etc|