Values of BTR

SIGNIFICANT VALUES OF BUXA TIGER RESERVE :

Sl. No. Value categories
Illustrative Constituents
1 Real/ Economic – A part of it is a timber reserve, it produces timber, fuel wood and non-timber forests produce for local people.
– It provides fodder for domestic livestock.
– It generates mandays for local people.
Biological
– It is located in the confluence of 3-majore Bio-geographic Zones viz. Lower Gangetic plains (7B), Central Himalayas (2C) and Brahamputra valley (8A).- It provides shelter to many endangered, threatened and rare species of animals like Indian Tiger, Asian Elephant, Leopard, Gaur, Bear, Hispid Hare, Pangolin, Python, Monitor Lizard, Blacknecked Crane, Bengal Florican, Great Indian Pied Hornbill, etc.– It harbours endemic species like Clouded Leopard, Chinese Pangolin, Reticulated Python, Marble Cat, etc.– It has vast community diversity from East Himalayan sub-tropical wet hill forests (8B/C1), East Himalayan Moist Mixed deciduous forests (3C/C3b), Eastern Bhabar and Terai Sal(3C/C1b and 3C/C1c), Eastern sub-montane semi-evergreen forests (2B/C1b), Northern dry deciduous seral Sal, Khair, Sissoo, Simul association (5B/IS2) and moist Sal savannah (3C/DS1) to low alluvium savannah woodland (3C/3/IS1).

– It is a significant habitat for long ranging species (Elephant, Tiger and Gaur) and provides habitat connectivity.

3 Ecological processes and functions – Catchment conservation of several major rivers (Sankosh, Rydak, Jainti, Bala, Dima, Pana and Basra) for downstream habitations and irrigation which sustain economic well being of the region.- Ecological security and environmental amelioration (pollution absorption) for the region.- It acts as a carbon sink of the region.
4 Conceptual – It represents several elements of Bio-diversity of North-East India, one of the Bio-diverse Indian regions. About 60% of floral endemic species of N-E India are encountered in BTR.
5
Scientific
– Significant scope of Wildlife research and education.¨       It has socio-economic issues, ethnic diversity, and many endangered and endemic species. Thus, it provides an excellent opportunity to Scientists for improving understanding of the biological world.
6 Physical attributes – It represents the fragile Shiwalik and Himalayan landscape and rock features.- It represents physical attributes of bhabar and terai eco-system.
7 Recreational – Potential for eco-tourism, aesthetic value, wilderness experience, close canopy and dense old forest, bird watching. Scenic beauty of Rydak river near Bhutanghat.
8 Educational – Significant scope for Nature interpretation and conservation awareness.

Buxa Tiger Reserve is the largest patch of forest in the North Bengal. Protected Area concerns are well taken care of in the management of the reserve. The threats to the forests in way of illicit felling, firewood collection, cattle grazing, fire are addressed by intensive patrolling, raids, deploying staff at strategic points all the time. Cooperation from local people through JFMCs ensures better protection. Anti poaching towers supported with RT network are constructed at sensitive areas to check any attempts of poaching. There is excellent coordination with police, SSB and civil administration.
Habitat improvement is taken up seriously to enrich the habitat and cater to diverse wildlife residing in the area. Creation of grasslands along the river banks and open areas support the food requirements of large herbivores like elephant and bison and sustain prey base of carnivores. Canopy opening by way of removing monocultures of Teak and planting the area with local trees, fodder and fruit trees and local grasses is done.
The problem of water shortage in dry months is addressed by creation of artificial water points especially in bhabar tracts and when required providing water from outside.